Weekly Rochester Events #690 Starting Thursday, March 29, 2012

Thursday, March 22nd, 2012

Paul Chappell at the Interfaith Chapel
by Jason Olshefsky at 7:30 pm (1 comment)

I was inspired to see what Captain Paul K. Chappell will discuss had to say in a discussion titled Why Peace is Possible and How We Can Achieve It. I heard rumors that — as a graduate of West Point and having served in the army — he had concluded that it was possible to redirect the efforts of the U.S. military toward true peacekeeping rather than the delusion of using war. He spoke at The Interfaith Chapel at the University of Rochester (Wilson Blvd.) and the lecture was recorded by C-SPAN. (If I hear about a link to the recording I'll note it here.) I was quite inspired indeed.

Chappell grew up being taught that world peace is a "naïve idea". Central to the argument is that human beings are naturally violent. But is that true?

According to him, the greatest problem of every army is getting soldiers to be willing to die, and it's even hard to get people to fight. An effective technique is to instill the notion of a "band of brothers" so everything becomes self-defense. For instance, West Point teaches to treat your fellow soldiers as your family.

Second, no war has ever been fought for money or oil — at least not officially. In fact, people desire peace so much that every leader claims to be "fighting for peace". War is traumatizing because people are naturally peaceful.

An army study conducted in World War II (specifically Combat Neuroses: Development of Combat Exhaustion by Roy L. Swank, M.D.; Walter E. Marchand, M.D.) showed that after 60 days of sustained day and night combat, 98% of soldiers become psychiatric casualties (the 2% that can go on indefinitely already aggressive sociopaths).

Chappell spoke about how reading On Killing: The Psychological Cost of Learning to Kill in War and Society gave him new hope for peace. Like other animals, humans have an innate aversion to killing one's own kind. All of military history supports this and uses three techniques to thwart this instinct:

  1. Create psychological distance such as derogatory name-calling — everything from "barbarian" (which comes from Greek interpretation of foreign language sounding like "bar bar bar") to a more subtle term like "illegal alien".
  2. Create a moral distance by declaring your enemy to be evil.
  3. Create mechanical distance (physical distance). For instance, the Nazis switched to gas chambers because shooting was too traumatic for the soldiers — they were protecting the executioner from psychological damage.

Chappell asks, "why would this be necessary if humans were naturally violent? If we are not naturally violent, why is there so much war?"

We're told we need war to stop war, violence to stop violence violence. Most soldiers want peace but that is not the means they are taught to use.

Chappell notes that at West Point he learned that the nature of war is drastically changing. It's now about "winning hearts and changing minds". This leads most directly from media coverage, since "collateral damage" is no longer acceptable: you can't kill any civilians. Yet, historically, the most people killed in past war were civilians.

So how do you win hearts and change minds? The masters of this were peaceful like Ghandi: someone able to transform an enemy into a friend; someone actively waging peace. This includes peace marches such as were used for civil rights or for attaining voting rights. (From Chappell's example, consider that prior to the 1830's, only a small percentage of tax paying people could actually vote, and it was through peaceful protest that we now take for granted that "no taxation without representation" is the bedrock of our country.) These peace movements of our country should be taught in schools as being at least as important as the wars.

Waging war or waging peace share many needs: people, strategy, unity, tactics, and winning hearts and changing minds. However, Chappell points out that there are tremendous differences as well:

  • Peace has truth on its side, war has myth.
  • War is about killing people versus peace which is about making a friend.
  • All war is based on deception. (He pointed out that in all cultures, the fundamental behavior of the "devil" is that of a deceiver.)
  • The people who perpetuate war control lots of wealth and power — just as the enemies of the civil rights did.

So what does being "pro-military but against war" look like? Well, pretty much like Star Trek in a lot of ways. For instance, what if the army was chartered with disaster relief and we had the worldwide reputation of arriving to help then leaving?

Chappell said that Eisenhower was the first to ask why the Middle East dislikes the U.S. He found it was because our policies block democracy and instead support or install dictatorships — they are angry that we don't live up to our ideals. As such, we need to hold our politicians accountable to change foreign policy so it is in line with the ideals we profess.

Chappell concluded by saying that war is not inevitable, and world peace is possible. Consider that 200 years ago, the only democracy in the world was America and even it was only fractionally so. And we don't need to convince everyone — for instance, the Civil Rights movement succeeded with only 1% of the population actively participating.

During the question-and-answer, some evocative questions were asked.

First off, can the world be united? Chappell noted that in the United States, we have moved from state-identity to national-identity. And consider Europe: can you imagine Germany declaring war on France today? This progress can be expanded to all nations.

I asked about how, prior to the Iraq war, 250,000 people marched to protest it yet it happened anyway, so is protesting dead? He said that people romanticized the past: while the Vietnam War was being debated, it was not uncommon for students to try and attack peace protesters. To my specific example, he said that the government learned how to defuse protest from what happened in Vietnam: to avoid risk of a draft, they censor the media by embedding journalists in military units, privatize the military, and by propagandizing "if you don't support the war you don't support the troops". As such, protest needs to evolve too.

In a later question, Chappell was asked what techniques should we use? He said we have lost our way to positive change. Consider how the Tea Party movement called attention to issues that were the same everyone cares about, but liberals were too busy calling them stupid. Remember to never demonize your opponent: identify with your opponent. In many cases the problem will boil down to hatred and ignorance. Remember that the government retains control of people by dividing them. So start with common ground and don't reinforce divisiveness.

In another question, someone asked, given that peace is an active task, what would non-violent passion look like? Chappell said it's easy today to isolate yourself today in peer groups and reinforce demonization of others. To be passionate is to defeat ignorance and to defeat hatred.

Another question had to do with conscientious objection: that by paying taxes, we are actively participating in and supporting war. To that, he said we should focus on how war makes us less safe, and how preparation for war is economically destructive. Consider Eisenhower's "Cross of Iron" speech where, in the central argument against "the way of fear and force", and what would be the worst- and best-case scenarios, he says:

The worst is atomic war.

The best would be this: a life of perpetual fear and tension; a burden of arms draining the wealth and the labor of all peoples; a wasting of strength that defies the American system or the Soviet system or any system to achieve true abundance and happiness for the peoples of this earth.

Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired signifies, in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed.

This world in arms in not spending money alone.

It is spending the sweat of its laborers, the genius of its scientists, the hopes of its children.

The cost of one modern heavy bomber is this: a modern brick school in more than 30 cities.

It is two electric power plants, each serving a town of 60,000 population.

It is two fine, fully equipped hospitals.

It is some 50 miles of concrete highway.

We pay for a single fighter with a half million bushels of wheat.

We pay for a single destroyer with new homes that could have housed more than 8,000 people.

This, I repeat, is the best way of life to be found on the road the world has been taking.

This is not a way of life at all, in any true sense. Under the cloud of threatening war, it is humanity hanging from a cross of iron.

Chappell echoed this, reiterating that our infrastructure is hurting because of war. He suggested we seek out the works of Douglas MacArthur and President Eisenhower as he had.

The concluding question asked if peace is based in truth, yet battle and conflict is a fact of nature, how can we be truthful? Chappell said the language of "waging peace" is accurate. We are trying to defeat ignorance and hatred, but the person is not the enemy. So ask yourself: how can I most effectively attack ignorance and hatred without hurting the person?

2,423 total views, 1 views today

  • T
    JayceLand Pick The Dryden Theater at George Eastman House (900 East Ave.) will be showing Wandâfuru raifu (After Life) starting at 8 p.m. From the Eastman House calendar, "in a crumbling way station located somewhere between Earth and Heaven, a group of recently deceased men and women have only a few days to decide on a single memory within which they will spend eternity. Assisted by 'counselors' who then make films based on the chosen memories, the travelers reflect on their lives before making choices that are both surprising and heartbreaking. Though largely a work of fiction, director Koreeda includes numerous real-life interviews for a poignant analysis of how we remember our lives." [source: Dryden Theater calendar] [all ages]

    JayceLand Pick The Bug JarMySpace link (219 Monroe Ave.) will be hosting Summer TwinsMySpace link, Light Feelings, and Dumb AngelMySpace link starting around 8:30 p.m. [source: Bug Jar calendar]

    JayceLand Pick Over at Sticky Lips Pit BBQ (830 Jefferson Rd., formerly the Roadhouse Grill) starting around 10 p.m. is The Sim Redmond BandMySpace link. [source: Sticky Lips calendar]

    Apparently The Critical Mass Bike Ride is tonight starting at 6 p.m. at The Liberty Pole (1 Liberty Pole Way) and heading through the city from there. [source: the proverbial grapevine]

    Happy Hour at Abilene Bar and Lounge (153 Liberty Pole Wy., formerly Tara) will include music by Boss Tweed starting around 6 p.m. followed at 9:30 p.m. by The Vassar BrothersMySpace link. [source: Abilene website]

    This evening starting at 6:30 p.m. is the Studio 678 – The Wilson Photo Club Awards Ceremony and Exhibit in the Link Gallery at City Hall (30 Church St.) [source: Genesee Center for the Arts calendar]

    Today from 7 p.m. to midnight and tomorrow from 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. at The Radisson Hotel, Rochester Riverside (120 E. Main St., formerly The Clarion) is The Rochester Erotic Arts Festival. [source: City Hall press release] [18+]

    Kilbourn Hall at Eastman Theatre (60 Gibbs St.) will be hosting The Eastman Wind Ensemble starting at 8 p.m. [source: Eastman School of Music calendar] [all ages]

    JayceLand Pick The Bread and Water Theatre (243 Rosedale St., at the New Life Presbyterian Church) will be hosting a performance of The Mirror of Love tonight and tomorrow at 8 p.m. and on Sunday at 2 p.m. [source: Bread and Water Theatre website]

    JayceLand Pick The Dryden Theater at George Eastman House (900 East Ave.) will be showing Schastye moe (My Joy) starting at 8 p.m. and again on Sunday at 5 p.m. From the Eastman House calendar, "a surreal, blackly comic road movie, Sergei Loznitsa's My Joy follows young truck driver Georgy on a delivery attempt that turns into a journey into the dark heart of Putin's Russia. Encountering corrupt cops, ghostly WWII veterans, angry villagers, and roadside thieves, Georgy eventually becomes a side character in his own story, enveloped by the alternately bleak and beautiful landscape." [source: Dryden Theater calendar] [all ages]

    JayceLand Pick Tonight at The Bug JarMySpace link (219 Monroe Ave.) starting around 9 p.m. is Tympanogram's Birthday Bash featuring Born Gold, Kuhrye-oo, Slow AnimalMySpace link, and The Old Tapes. [source: Bug Jar calendar]

    Today at 10 a.m. at The Little (240 East Ave.) is The New York International Children's Film Festival (NYICFF) screening of short films titled Girl's Point of View 2011. [source: Little Theatre e-mail]

    Today and tomorrow from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. is the First Annual Flower and Garden Showcase at The Garden Factory (2126 Buffalo Rd.) [source: Upper Mount Hope Neighborhood Association website]

    Today starting at 10 a.m. at Durand-Eastman Park (1402 Lakeshore Blvd.) is another of the Saturday Morning Dog Walks. The walk will take place on Eastman Lake Trail near the corner of Lakeshore Blvd. and Log Cabin Rd. [source: Craigslist Rochester events]

    Top Pick The Dryden Theater at George Eastman House (900 East Ave.) will be showing Blazing Saddles starting at 8 p.m. and again on Sunday at 2 p.m. An extremely funny, ribald movie — and certainly Mel Brooks' funniest. [source: Dryden Theater calendar] [all ages]

    The Lovin' CupMySpace link (300 Park Point Dr., #110) will be hosting rockin' rockabilly from Krypton 88MySpace link, and nice, well-executed jazzy swing from Bobby Henrie and The GonersMySpace link starting around 9 p.m. [source: Lovin' Cup calendar]

    Abilene Bar and Lounge (153 Liberty Pole Wy., formerly Tara) will be hosting Woody DodgeMySpace link starting around 9:30 p.m. [source: Abilene website]

    Haewa, The Wonderland House Band, and Jaigundo will be at The Bug JarMySpace link (219 Monroe Ave.) starting around 10:30 p.m. [source: Bug Jar calendar]

    April Fool's Day

    Today from 12 p.m. to 4 p.m. is the April Fools Tour at The Stone-Tolan House (2370 East Ave.) — see if you can find everything that wouldn't have belonged there a hundred years ago. [source: Landmark Society calendar]

    You knew it was coming sooner or later — today starting at 1 p.m. at Carey Lake (959 Walworth-Penfield Rd., Macedon) is The Second Annual Rochester LGBT Wedding Expo. [source: RocWiki calendar]

    For today's Musicale at George Eastman House (900 East Ave.) from 3 p.m. to 4 p.m., Joe Blackburn will play the Aeolian pipe organ. [source: Eastman House calendar] [all ages]

    JayceLand Pick Today from 6 p.m. to 8 p.m. at The Flying Squirrel Community Space (285 Clarissa St., formerly the Flower City Elks Lodge) is a meeting for Rochester Urban Gardeners. [source: Flying Squirrel Community Space website]

    JayceLand Pick The Flying Squirrel Community Space (285 Clarissa St., formerly the Flower City Elks Lodge) will be hosting a screening of Pakistan One on One with filmmaker Mara Ahmed starting at 7 p.m. [source: Flying Squirrel Community Space website]

    JayceLand Pick Tonight at The Bug JarMySpace link (219 Monroe Ave.) is Heavy CreamMySpace link, The Abandoned Buildings Club, punk hard-rock band Green Dream, and grindy, rough, brutally simple rock duo Dick Snare starting around 9 p.m. [source: Bug Jar calendar]

    JayceLand Pick This evening at 7 p.m. on Nextstage at Geva (75 Woodbury Blvd.) is a Plays in Progress reading of Last Gas. [source: Geva Theatre website]

    JayceLand Pick Tonight at 8 p.m. at Lux LoungeMySpace link (666 South Ave.) is an extra special episode of the regularly-scheduled Monday Craft Night: Condom Craft Night. I can only hope that Larry Moss makes an appearance. [source: City Newspaper] [21+]

    JayceLand Pick Tonight at 8 p.m. in Carlson Auditorium atRIT (One Lomb Memorial Dr., campus map) is another The Caroline Werner Gannett Project lecture with David Bornstein asking Are we on the verge of A New Enlightenment? [source: Caroline Werner Gannett Project website]

    Over at Kilbourn Hall at Eastman Theatre (60 Gibbs St.) starting at 8 p.m. is The Eastman School Symphony Orchestra. [source: Eastman School of Music calendar] [all ages]

    The Bug JarMySpace link (219 Monroe Ave.) will be hosting AlcestMySpace link, VauraMySpace link, and WarbladeGarageBand linkMySpace link starting around 8:30 p.m. [source: Bug Jar calendar]

    This morning starting around 8 a.m. in the cafeteria overlooking the arboretum in Bausch and Lomb (140 Stone St.) is The Artists' Breakfast Group meeting ... anyone interested in art or creativity is invited.

    JayceLand Pick Today from 12:12 p.m. to 12:52 p.m. in The Kate Gleason Auditorium at The Rochester Public Library (115 South Ave.) is another Books Sandwiched In with Sanford Shapiro, Esq. reviewing Destiny of the Republic: A Tale of Madness, Medicine and the Murder of a President by Candice Millard. [source: Rochester Public Library calendar] [all ages]

    JayceLand Pick Hedonist Artisan Chocolates (674 South Ave.) will host a Chocolate Tasting today from 4 p.m. to 7 p.m. at Parkleigh (215 Park Ave.) [source: Hedonist Chocolates website]

    JayceLand Pick Today from 6 p.m. to 8 p.m. at Lake Riley Lodge at Cobb's Hill Park (Norris Dr. at Culver Rd., although the City claims it is at 100 Norris) is a Voice of the Customer 2012 meeting with Mayor Thomas S. Richards for the Southeast portion of the city. [source: City Hall press release]

    Superior Donuts opens tonight at 7:30 p.m. at Geva (75 Woodbury Blvd.) [source: Geva Theatre website]

    At today's Authors Aloud in the Cafe at The Little (240 East Ave.) starting around 8 p.m. is Jack Bradigan Spula, and Tony Leuzzi. [source: Little Theatre e-mail]

    JayceLand Pick The Dryden Theater at George Eastman House (900 East Ave.) will be showing Au Hasard Balthazar by Robert Bresson starting at 8 p.m. According to the Eastman House calendar, "one of the most structurally and conceptually daring of Bresson's films, Au Hasard Balthazar follows a donkey as it is loved, used, and abused by a chain of owners. Through the biography of this simple creature, Bresson exposes the basest human cruelties and locates grace in the unlikeliest places." [source: Dryden Theater calendar] [all ages]

    Over at The Bug JarMySpace link (219 Monroe Ave.) starting around 9 p.m. is The Night BeatsMySpace link, Drippers, and Big Brain and The Drug Cartel. [source: Bug Jar calendar]

    JayceLand Pick This evening from 4:30 p.m. to 6 p.m. at Writers and Books (740 University Ave.) is an Afternoon Tea. [source: Writers and Books calendar] [all ages]

    Top Pick This evening at 6:30 p.m., The Green Party of Monroe County (GPoMC) will be screening The End of Suburbia: Oil Depletion and the Collapse of the American Dream at The Little (240 East Ave.) [source: Little Theatre calendar]

    This evening at 7 p.m. at The Penfield Public Library (1985 Baird Rd.) is a discussion of Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) with Bill Wickham, and Debbie Wickham of Wickham Farms (1821 Fairport 9 Mile Point Rd., Penfield). [source: Rochester Public Library calendar]

    This evening at 7 p.m. at The Baobab Cultural Center (728 University Ave., formerly on Gregory St.) is a screening of Dead Mums Don't Cry. [source: Baobab website]

    JayceLand Pick Updated: This evening at 7 p.m. in the Auditorium in Hoyt Hall at The University of Rochester (Elmwood Ave. at Intercampus Dr.) is a screening of The Decay of Fiction, and Bedwin Hacker. [source: University of Rochester GOG]

    Updated: Tonight starting around 7 p.m. at Writers and Books (740 University Ave.) is Open Mic Comedy with Anna Hall. [source: Writers and Books calendar] [all ages]

    Top Pick The Dryden Theater at George Eastman House (900 East Ave.) will be showing Albert Brooks' hilarious send-up of yuppie culture, Lost in America starting at 8 p.m. [source: Dryden Theater calendar] [all ages]

    JayceLand Pick Some CommunityMySpace link, CavalcadeMySpace link, and Inneroit will be at The Bug JarMySpace link (219 Monroe Ave.) starting around 9 p.m. [source: Bug Jar calendar]

  •   Vanity Page | Archives | Blog | About |

    | Last Week |

    Polls | Other Projects

    Search this site or the web
    powered by FreeFind

    Site Web

    | Read Guestbook
    | Sign Guestbook
    | Contact Jayce
    (Note that you can add comments to specific blog entries.)

    Current Rochester Weather

    Click for Rochester, New York Forecast

    Weekly Reminder E-Mail
    More information

    Rank #690 for the week of March 29, 2012:

    Digg it.
    Rank the JayceLand home page in general:

    Digg it.

    Internet Movie Database
    On this day ... March 29


    Find JayceLand on Facebook

    DreamHost web hosting
    DreamHost Web Hosting

    I use DreamHost to run JayceLand.com. Click the ad to buy hosting and I'll get money to run my site. Hooray!

    Join Zipcar and get $25 in free driving!
    Area ZipCars are located by the Rush Rhees Library at UofR, near Strong Hospital, and near the Eastman School of Music, so if you don't want to waste all that money on gas, insurance, and repairs, this is the way to do it. Plus, we each get some money as credit for driving.

    Amazon.com gives me money if you buy things through this link, but for music, movies, and stuff, why not go to Record Archive, The Bop Shop, Lakeshore, or House of Guitars instead?

    Shop for electronic parts and gadgets at the Jason DoesItAll eCrater Store

    Store at CafePress

    Buy some JayceLand junk at sky high prices!

    Related Sites:

    Movie links courtesy The Internet Movie Database. Map links courtesy Google Maps — sorry to those people with browsers not supported.

    This page is Jason Olshefsky's list of things to do in Rochester, NY and the surrounding region (including nearby towns Irondequoit, Webster, Penfield, Pittsford, Victor, Henrietta, Gates, Chili, Greece, and Charlotte, and occasionally other places in Monroe County and the Western New York region.) It is updated every week with daily listings for entertainment, activities, performances, movies, music, bands, comedy, improv, poetry, storytelling, lectures, discussions, debates, theater, plays, and generally fun things to do. Music events are usually original bands with occasional cover bands and DJ's with musical styles including punk, emo, ska, swing, rock, rock-and-roll, alternative, metal, jazz, blues, noise band, experimental music, folk, acoustic, and "world-beat." Events listed take place during the day, in the evenings, or as part of the city's nightlife as listed. Although I'm reluctant to admit it, it is a Rochester blog and I'm essentially blogging about Rochester events. I also tend to express opinions, review past events, make reviews, speak of philosophy or of a philosophical nature, discuss humanity and creativity. Oh, and it's spelled JayceLand with no space and a capital L, not Jayce Land, Jaycee Land, Jace Land, Jase Land, Joyce Land, Jayce World, Jayceeland, Jaceland, Jaseland, Joyceland, Jayceworld, Jayceeworld, Jaceworld, Jaseworld, nor Joyceworld. (Now if you misspell it in some search engine, you at least get a shot at finding it.) It's also not to be confused with Jake's World or JakesWorld which is a site of a Rochester animator. While I'm on the topic of keywords for search engines, this update includes information for Thursday, March 29, 2012 (Thu, Mar 29, 2012, 3/29/2012, or 3/29/12) Friday, March 30, 2012 (Fri, Mar 30, 2012, 3/30/2012, or 3/30/12) Saturday, March 31, 2012 (Sat, Mar 31, 2012, 3/31/2012, or 3/31/12) Sunday, April 1, 2012 (Sun, Apr 1, 2012, 4/1/2012, or 4/1/12) Monday, April 2, 2012 (Mon, Apr 2, 2012, 4/2/2012, or 4/2/12) Tuesday, April 3, 2012 (Tue, Apr 3, 2012, 4/3/2012, or 4/3/12) and Wednesday, April 4, 2012 (Wed, Apr 4, 2012, 4/4/2012, or 4/4/12).

    JayceLand Pick indicates an event that's a preferred pick of the day ... probably something worth checking out.

    Top Pick indicates a "guaranteed" best bet for the particular genre of the indicated event.

    GarageBand link links to a band's page on GarageBand.com which offers reviews and information about bands.

    MySpace link links to a band's page on MySpace.com which is a friend-networking site that is popular with bands.

    Fly the flag today. is a day when you should fly the flag according to the Veterans of Foreign Wars calendar.

    [Current Week] [Weekly Archives] [About This Site] [Jayce's Old Vanity Page]

    Send a message to the JayceLand webmaster

    Copyright © 2012 Jason Olshefsky. All rights reserved.